All papers and chapters  reproduced on this site have been posted by Alice S. N. Kim with the permission of

 the author and are only to be used for educational purposes.







Gardiner, J.M., & Tulving, E. (1980). Exceptions to recognition failure of recallable words. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 19, 194‑209.


Ogilvie, J.C., Tulving, E., Paskowitz, S., & Jones, G.V. (1980). Three- dimensional memory traces: A model and its application to forgetting. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 19, 405‑415.

Tulving, E. (1981). Similarity relations in recognition. Journal of Learning and Verbal Behavior, 20, 479-496.

Schacter, D. L., & Tulving, E. (1982). Amnesia and memory research. In L. S. Cermak (Ed.), Human Memory and Amnesia (pp. 1-32). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Tulving, E. (1982). Synergistic ecphory in recall and recognition. Canadian Journal of Psychology ,20, 479-496.

Tulving, E., Schacter, D. L., & Stark, H. A. (1982). Priming effects in word-fragment completion are independent of recognition memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 8(4), 336-342.

Flexser, A.J., & Tulving, E. (1982). Priming and recognition failure. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 21, 237‑248.


Schacter, D.L., & Tulving, E. (1982). Memory, amnesia, and the episodic/semantic distinction. In R.L. Isaacson & N.E. Spear (Eds.), Expression of Knowledge (pp. 33-65). New York: Plenum.


Schacter, D.L., Wang, P.L., Tulving, E., & Freedman, M. (1982). Functional retrograde amnesia: A quantitative case study. Neuropsychologia, 20, 523‑532.


Tulving, E. (1983). Echphoric processes in episodic memory. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B., Biological Science, 302(1110), 361-370.


Tulving, E. (1984). Multiple learning and memory systems. In K. M. J. Lagerspetz & P. Niemi (Eds.), Psychology in the 1990’s. (pp. 163-184). North-Holland: Elsevier Science Publishers B.V.


Tulving, E. (1984). Précis of elements of episodic memory. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 7, 223-268.


Tulving, E. (1984). Relations among components and processes of memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 7, 257‑268.


Tulving, E., & Press, S.J. (1984). A proposal for the development of a National Memory Inventory. In T.B. Jabine, M.L. Straf, J.M. Tanur and R. Tourangeau (Eds.), Cognitive Aspects of Survey Methodology: Building a Bridge Between Disciplines (pp. 44‑60). Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.


Tulving, E. (1985). Ebbinghaus's memory: What did he learn and remember? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 11, 485‑490.

Tulving, E. (1985).  How many memory systems are there?  American Psychologist, 40(4), 385-398. 

Tulving, E. (1985). Memory and consciousness. Canadian Psychology, 26(1), 1-12.

Tulving, E. (1985). On the classification problem in learning and memory. In L. G. Nilsson & T. Archer (Eds.), Perspectives on Learning and Memory (pp. 67-94). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum

Tulving, E. (1986). Episodic and semantic memory: Where should we go from here? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 573‑577.

Tulving, E. (1986). What kind of a hypothesis is the distinction between episodic and semantic memory? Journal of Experimental Psychology Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 12, 307‑311.


Glisky, E.L., Schacter, D.L., & Tulving, E. (1986). Learning and retention of computer-related vocabulary in memory-impaired patients: Method of vanishing cues. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 8, 292‑312.


Glisky, E.L., Schacter, D.L., & Tulving, E. (1986). Computer learning by memory-impaired patients: Acquisition and retention of complex knowledge. Neuropsychologia, 24, 313‑328.


Schacter, D.L., Moscovitch, M., Tulving, E., McLachlan, D.R., & Freedman, M. (1986). Mnemonic precedence in amnesic patients: An analogue of the AB error in infants? Child Development, 57, 816‑823.


Tulving, E. (1987). Multiple memory systems and consciousness. Human Neurobiol, 6, 67-80.


Tulving, E. (1987). No Eternal Truth in Gaps. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 10, 787‑788.


Nilsson, L.-G., Dinniwell, M., & Tulving, E. (1987). Recognition failure of categorized words. Memory & Cognition, 15, 389‑396.


Tulving, E. (1987). Memory experiments: A strategy for research. In H.S. Levin, H.M. Eisenberg and J. Grafman (Eds.), Neurobehavioral Recovery from Head Injury (pp. 341-351). London: Oxford University Press.


Sloman, S.A., Hayman, C.A.G., Ohta, N., Law, J., & Tulving, E. (1988). Forgetting in primed fragment completion. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 14, 223‑239.


Tulving, E., Risberg, J., & Ingvar, D.H. (1988). Regional cerebral blood flow and episodic memory retrieval. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 26, 522.


Nilsson, L.-G., Law, J., & Tulving, E. (1988). Recognition failure of recallable unique names: Evidence for an empirical law of memory and learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 14(2), 266-277.


Tulving, E., Schacter, D. L., McLachlan, D. R., & Moscovitch, M.  (1988).  Priming of semantic autobiographical knowledge: A case study of retrograde amnesia. Brain and Cognition8, 2-20.


Hayman, C. A. G., & Tulving, E. (1989). Contingent dissociation between recognition and fragment completion: The method of triangulation. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 15(2), 228-240.


Hayman, C. A. G., & Tulving, E. (1989). Is priming in fragment completion based on a “traceless” memory system. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 15(5), 941-956.

Tulving, E. (1989). Memory: Performance, knowledge, and experience. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 1, 3‑26.

Tulving, E. (1989). Remembering and knowing the past. American Scientist, 77, 361‑367.



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