All papers and chapters  reproduced on this site have been posted by Alice S. N. Kim with the permission of

 the author and are only to be used for educational purposes.







Stevens, J. C., & Tulving, E. (1957). Estimations of loudness by a group of untrained observers. The American Journal of Psychology, 70(4), 600-605.


Tulving, E. (1958). The relation of visual acuity to convergence and accommodation. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 55, 530‑534.


Heinemann, E.G., Tulving, E., & Nachmias, J. (1959). The effect of oculomotor adjustments on apparent size. American Journal of Psychology, 72, 32‑45.

Tulving, E., & Thornton, G. B. (1959). Interaction between proaction and retroaction in short-term retention. Canad. J. Psychol., 13(4), 255-265.

Freibergs, V., & Tulving, E. (1961). The effect of practice on utilization of information from positive and negative instances in concept identification. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 15, 101‑106.

Tulving, E. (1962). Subjective organization in free recall of “unrelated” words. Psychological Review, 69(4), 344-354.

Tulving, E., & Patkau, J.E. (1962). Concurrent effects of contextual constraint and word frequency on immediate recall and learning of verbal material. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 16, 83‑95.


Tulving, E. (1962). The effect of alphabetical subjective organization on memorizing unrelated words. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 16, 185‑191.


Fryatt, M.J., & Tulving, E. (1963). Interproblem transfer in identification of concepts involving positive and negative instances. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 17, 106‑117.


Tulving, E. (1963). Familiarity of letter sequences and tachistoscopic identification. American Journal of Psychology, 76, 143‑146.


Tulving, E., & Gold, C. (1963). Stimulus information and contextual information as determinants of tachistoscopic recognition of words. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 319‑327.


Tulving, E., & Arbuckle, T.Y. (1963). Sources of intratrial interference in immediate recall of paired associates. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 1, 321‑334.


Tulving, E., Mandler, G., & Baumal, R. (1964). Interaction of two sources of information in tachistoscopic word recognition. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 18, 62‑71.

Tulving, E. (1964). Intratrial and intertrial retention: Notes towards a theory of free recall verbal learning. Psychological Review, 71(3), 219-236.

Tulving, E. (1965). The effect of order of presentation on learning of "unrelated" words. Psychonomic Science, 3, 337‑338.


Lindsay, P.H., Cuddy, L.L., & Tulving, E. (1965). Absolute judgements of simultaneously presented visual and auditory stimuli. Psychonomic Science, 2, 211‑212.


Tulving, E., McNulty, J.A., & Ozier, M. (1965). Vividness of words and learning to learn in free-recall learning. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 19, 242‑252.

Tulving, E. (1966). Subjective organization and effects of repetition in multi-trial free-recall learning.  Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 5, 193-197.

Tulving, E., & Arbuckle, T.Y. (1966). Input and output interference in short-term associative memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 72, 145‑150.

Tulving, E. & Pearstone, Z. (1966). Availability versus accessibility of information in memory for words. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 5, 381-391.

Tulving, E. (1967). The effects of presentation and recall of material in free- recall learning. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 6, 175‑184.


Tulving, E., & Lindsay, P.H. (1967). Identification of simultaneously presented simple visual and auditory stimuli. Acta Psychologica, 27, 101‑109.


Tulving, E., & Osler, S. (1967). Transfer effects in whole-part free-recall learning. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 21, 235‑244.

Tulving, E. (1968). Theoretical issues in free recall. In T. R. Dixon & D. L. Horton (Eds.), Verbal Behaviour and General Behavior Theory (pp. 2-36). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Tulving, E. (1968). Organized retention and cued recall. In H.J. Klausmeier and G.T. O'Hearn (Eds.), Research and Development Toward the Improvement of Education (pp. 3-13). Madison, WI: Dembar Educational Research Services.


Tulving, E., & Osler, S. (1968). Effectiveness of retrieval cues in memory for words. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 77, 593‑601.

Tulving, E. (1968). When is recall higher than recognition? Psychon. Sci., 5(2), 53-54.

Tulving, E. & Patterson, R. D.  (1968).  Functional units and retrieval processes in free recall.  Journal of Experimental Psychology, 77(2), 239-248.

Tulving, E. (1969).  Retrograde amnesia in free recall. Science, 164, 88-90.



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